Dictators

This lesson will help you define fanatic, bully, tyrant, autocrat, oppressor, persecutor, dogmatist, exploiter and malevolent.

(a) fanatic  noun  someone who has very strong beliefs that often make them behave in an unreasonable way

  • This attack was carried out by religious fanatics.

(a) bully  noun  to frighten or hurt someone who is smaller or weaker than you

  • Young Adolf was a bully at school.

(a) tyrant  noun  a ruler who has unlimited power over other people, and uses it unfairly and cruelly

  • To stop a tyrant you must take away their power.

(an) autocrat  noun  someone who has total power in a country or organisation

  • For autocrats, like Mussolini, power is addictive.

(an) oppressor  noun  someone who treats people in an unfair and cruel way and stops them from having freedom

  • To some people Castro was a hero, to some he was an oppressor.

(a) persecutor  noun  a person who treats a particular group of people cruelly

  • Many people were killed by this evil persecutor.

(a) dogmatist  noun  a person who believes that their opinions or beliefs are correct and won’t listen to other people

  • My manager is a dogmatist.

(an) exploiter  noun  a person who uses other people or things for their own advantage

  • Was Stalin really an exploiter, thinking about his own pleasure – or was he a hero of the revolution?

malevolent  adjective  showing that you want to do something bad to someone

  • The white farmers see the new laws as malevolent.

Now watch the video lesson.